# Information about Real Analysis - Part 1

• Title: Introduction

• Series: Real Analysis

• YouTube-Title: Real Analysis 1 | Introduction

• Bright video: https://youtu.be/842rgQP_OgI

• Dark video: https://youtu.be/O5DnbFd426s

• Timestamps
• Subtitle in English

﻿1 00:00:00,000 –> 00:00:04,000 Hello and welcome to real analysis

2 00:00:04,200 –> 00:00:09,200 and first I want to thank all the nice people that support this channel on Steady or Paypal.

3 00:00:09,399 –> 00:00:11,399 This is part 1 of a new course

4 00:00:11,599 –> 00:00:15,590 where we talk about the analysis we can do with the real numbers.

5 00:00:15,790 –> 00:00:17,790 Before we start with it I can tell you

6 00:00:17,990 –> 00:00:21,980 you will always find the PDF versions of these videos and the quizzes

7 00:00:22,000 –> 00:00:24,680 where you can test your understanding of these topics

8 00:00:24,700 –> 00:00:26,700 in the description below.

9 00:00:26,790 –> 00:00:30,890 Now, the topic of real analysis is also known as calculus.

10 00:00:31,090 –> 00:00:33,090 But there are also a lot of other names.

11 00:00:33,090 –> 00:00:37,290 For example just analysis or infinitesimal calculus.

12 00:00:37,490 –> 00:00:39,490 So you might recognize your lecture here,

13 00:00:39,490 –> 00:00:41,690 but of course the name is not important.

14 00:00:41,890 –> 00:00:43,890 The goal of the course is important.

15 00:00:44,090 –> 00:00:50,090 This should be in the end the understanding of differential and integral calculations.

16 00:00:50,290 –> 00:00:54,280 Therefore in the end you will be able to understand everything

17 00:00:54,280 –> 00:00:56,480 about the symbol “df/dx”

18 00:00:56,680 –> 00:01:00,670 and also about the integral symbol “f dx”.

19 00:01:00,870 –> 00:01:05,170 With this you might already guess some of the topics we will cover here.

20 00:01:05,370 –> 00:01:08,370 First we will look at sequences of real numbers

21 00:01:08,570 –> 00:01:10,570 and then define what limits are.

22 00:01:10,870 –> 00:01:15,360 Afterwards we will talk about functions that are continuous.

23 00:01:15,560 –> 00:01:19,560 Then, usually it gets easier when we talk about derivatives.

24 00:01:20,760 –> 00:01:24,760 In the end integrals will close our real analysis course.

25 00:01:24,960 –> 00:01:26,960 So you see, we have a lot to cover here.

26 00:01:27,160 –> 00:01:31,150 Therefore I should tell you what the requirements are for this course.

27 00:01:31,350 –> 00:01:34,000 Indeed, this is very simple to say.

28 00:01:34,000 –> 00:01:36,000 I can put it into two words.

29 00:01:36,000 –> 00:01:38,200 You just have to know the real numbers.

30 00:01:38,400 –> 00:01:40,200 You don’t need much else,

31 00:01:40,200 –> 00:01:43,400 if you know how to calculate in the real numbers “R”,

32 00:01:43,400 –> 00:01:46,000 you know everything to follow this course.

33 00:01:46,200 –> 00:01:48,400 In the case you don’t know the real numbers.

34 00:01:48,410 –> 00:01:52,400 That is not a problem, because I have a whole video course about them.

35 00:01:52,600 –> 00:01:56,600 In “Start Learning Mathematics” you find everything you need.

36 00:01:56,600 –> 00:02:00,000 and the important videos are the ones about the real numbers.

37 00:02:00,200 –> 00:02:04,200 Therefore it might be sufficient to look at “Start Learning Reals”.

38 00:02:04,880 –> 00:02:08,400 For us here, we will take the axioms of the real numbers

39 00:02:08,600 –> 00:02:10,389 as our foundation.

40 00:02:10,590 –> 00:02:12,590 Indeed they are not so complicated.

41 00:02:12,590 –> 00:02:14,790 We just have a set with two operations:

42 00:02:14,780 –> 00:02:16,990 addition and multiplication

43 00:02:17,190 –> 00:02:22,000 and also with an ordering such that we have all these properties here.

44 00:02:23,000 –> 00:02:25,480 Roughly they tell us that we have a field of numbers

45 00:02:25,570 –> 00:02:27,680 that are also nicely ordered.

46 00:02:27,880 –> 00:02:33,000 Which simply means that we can visualize the real numbers as the number line.

47 00:02:33,200 –> 00:02:36,480 and the last property here is the completeness axiom,

48 00:02:36,680 –> 00:02:38,680 which talks about sequences.

49 00:02:38,880 –> 00:02:42,170 But don’t worry. We will talk about sequences a lot soon.

50 00:02:42,370 –> 00:02:45,370 Therefore you will understand this axiom in the end.

51 00:02:46,060 –> 00:02:48,660 However, what we need immediately from the beginning

52 00:02:48,760 –> 00:02:52,000 is the so called “absolute value” of a real number.

53 00:02:52,200 –> 00:02:56,190 So you see, it always gives us a positive number or zero.

54 00:02:57,000 –> 00:03:02,000 In other words, it measures the distance from 0 to the point x.

55 00:03:03,000 –> 00:03:07,190 Soon we will see it is very important that we can measure distances

56 00:03:07,190 –> 00:03:08,760 to do real analysis.

57 00:03:09,000 –> 00:03:11,580 That is what the definition of a limit

58 00:03:11,580 –> 00:03:14,000 or the definition of the derivatives needs.

59 00:03:14,390 –> 00:03:17,190 Now, what you really should know is what to do

60 00:03:17,180 –> 00:03:19,480 when you have two numbers in the absolute value.

61 00:03:20,000 –> 00:03:23,580 So they could be combined by multiplication or by addition.

62 00:03:24,000 –> 00:03:26,770 For the multiplication nothing special happens.

63 00:03:26,860 –> 00:03:29,960 You can just split it up into the two absolute values.

64 00:03:30,000 –> 00:03:32,740 However, for the addition this is not true.

65 00:03:32,900 –> 00:03:35,050 There we just have an inequality.

66 00:03:35,250 –> 00:03:38,250 and this is called the “triangle inequality”.

67 00:03:38,450 –> 00:03:40,450 and we will use that a lot.

68 00:03:40,650 –> 00:03:43,640 Ok! I think that is good enough for a short introduction here.

69 00:03:43,839 –> 00:03:47,200 In the next video we will start with our real analysis course

70 00:03:47,190 –> 00:03:49,400 by considering sequences.

71 00:03:49,600 –> 00:03:52,490 Therefore I hope I see you there and have a nice day.

72 00:03:52,500 –> 00:03:53,380 Bye!

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