• Title: Convolution

  • Series: Advent of Mathematical Symbols

  • YouTube-Title: Advent of Mathematical Symbols - Part 21 - Convolution

  • Bright video: https://youtu.be/55BaHGo-2jg

  • Dark video: https://youtu.be/olYeagTr-JI

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  • Subtitle on GitHub: aoms21_sub_eng.srt

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  • Subtitle in English

    1 00:00:00,757 –> 00:00:03,871 The mathematical symbol of today is the convolution.

    2 00:00:04,043 –> 00:00:06,086 Denoted with such a star.

    3 00:00:07,129 –> 00:00:11,800 In fact in mathematics you find different possibilities to define the convolution.

    4 00:00:11,956 –> 00:00:14,449 Depending which problem you consider.

    5 00:00:15,457 –> 00:00:19,554 Most importantly you find a continuous version and a discrete version.

    6 00:00:20,586 –> 00:00:24,143 Now in this video i want to show you the ordinary continuous version.

    7 00:00:24,257 –> 00:00:28,429 So we consider functions f and g defined on the real number line.

    8 00:00:29,871 –> 00:00:35,148 Then for these two functions we define the convolution of f and g.

    9 00:00:36,200 –> 00:00:42,142 In fact this convolution should give us a new function also defined on the real number line.

    10 00:00:43,000 –> 00:00:48,515 More precisely “f star g” is again a function from R to R.

    11 00:00:49,686 –> 00:00:54,988 and the idea to get this new function is to mix f and g together.

    12 00:00:55,657 –> 00:01:00,642 Moreover this mixing works in two different directions inside the integral.

    13 00:01:01,457 –> 00:01:04,631 Of course this is what we should explain in a formula.

    14 00:01:05,829 –> 00:01:08,915 So lets look at “f star g” at a given point x.

    15 00:01:09,929 –> 00:01:17,994 Then we define this value by an integral that goes through all numbers. So we start with - infinity and go to infinity.

    16 00:01:19,229 –> 00:01:24,288 Of course inside we have the functions f and g and the variable name for the integration.

    17 00:01:25,500 –> 00:01:28,685 and for this i want to use the greek letter Tau.

    18 00:01:29,514 –> 00:01:33,912 This is very common, because in some sense the variable can stand for time.

    19 00:01:34,957 –> 00:01:39,216 So here you see we have the first function f at the point Tau

    20 00:01:39,416 –> 00:01:42,662 Times the function g at another point.

    21 00:01:43,600 –> 00:01:50,112 and now i already told you g should go the other direction so what we need inside is (-Tau).

    22 00:01:51,343 –> 00:01:55,654 Moreover we also shift the point here by our given point x.

    23 00:01:56,643 –> 00:02:01,182 and that’s what we have. This product of the two functions is integrated.

    24 00:02:01,914 –> 00:02:07,362 and if this integral exists for all points x in R we have the convolution.

    25 00:02:08,457 –> 00:02:14,945 Indeed this convolution has some nice properties and therefore it is very important in a lot of applications.

    26 00:02:15,814 –> 00:02:19,529 For this reason i hope that you now can remember the definition.

    27 00:02:20,300 –> 00:02:23,722 Then have a nice day and see you next time. Bye!

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